Take a screenshot of the Tweet or posting and check it on Archive.is
Note: The screenshot will include a date time stamp that will automatically adjust to your time zone.
The Wayback Machine is a service which can be used to cite archived copies of web pages used by articles. This is useful if a web page has changed, moved, or disappeared; links to the original content can be retained. This process can be performed automatically, using a web "bot".
Perma.cc : Helps scholars, journals, courts, and others create permanent records of the web sources they cite. Users must sign up to use Perma.cc/
Skill 3: Critical Observation
Fake news is often believable. This makes it easy to get caught.
Much fake news is also written to create "shock value," that is, it creates a strong instinctive reaction such as fear or anger.
To Fight against Fake news:
Keep your emotional response check
Approach what you see and/or hear rationally and critically
Ask yourself why was the story written? (Look for viewpoint and bias)
Skill 4: Bias in News Coverage
5 Types of News Bias
There are 5 types of bias in regular news coverage
“Big story” bias
Bias is one of the most controversial and important subjects in news literacy. People frequently perceive bias in news coverage, and accusations of bias are common in a wide variety of discussions and contexts. However, people generally perceive bias through the lens of their own perspectives, values and beliefs, especially if they have a strong opinion about the topic being reported on. This can cause people to engage in confirmation bias — the tendency to quickly embrace information that affirms their perspectives and beliefs and to unfairly dismiss or criticize
But asking the following critical questions can help students fully assess the degree of impartiality or bias in a given piece of news:
Could this report have been fairer? Reported more dispassionately? How?
What other images or sources were available when it was published or broadcast?
Was it one report in a series about a particular subject, or does it stand alone?
How does it compare with other reporting from the same outlet?
How does it compare to news stories from other outlets?
Skill 5: Evaluating Bias in News Coverage
Biases through selection and omission
Choosing to cover or ignore a story
Ignoring details or focusing on them
Bias through placement
Stories on the front page lead readers to assume they are the most important item in the news
Bias by photos. captions, and camera angles
Pictures and their captions can make a person appear good or bad, happy or angry, etc. depending how it is persented
Bias through use of names and titles
Choice of words, and presentation of details can show bias and elicit emotional responses (ie. Hero or brave vs controversial or selfice
Bias by choice of words
Choice of words can influence based on their underlying meaning (ie. Is the person cautious vs. cowardly? Is it bad timing or catastrophic?
Comprehensive media bias resource: Helps identify Fake News sources. Search Media Bias. View Fact Checks. Breaking News.
The Interactive Media Bias Chart offers the ability to search for specific sources from among the thousands of web/print, TV and podcast news sources.
A Picture Tells a Thousand Stories
With editing software it is easy to create fake images that look real
Research shows that only half of us can tell when images are fake. Warning signs to look for:
Strange shadows on the image
jagged edges around a figure
Features or images that are out of proportion or the colors don't seem quite right
Images may be presented out of context.
For example, photos of litter covering a beach could be from a different beach or from 10 years ago, not the recent alleged event.
Is the image from the place the story or caption indicates it is?
Do things look right? Is the season right? Are there other indications that this image is someplace or some time other than what they indicate?
Using TinEye, you can search by image or perform what we call a reverse image search. You can do that by uploading an image or searching by URL. You can also simply drag and drop your images to start your search.