What is MLA citation?
MLA style was created by the Modern Language Association of America. It is a set of rules for publications, including research papers.
There are two parts to MLA: In-text citations and the Works Cited list. In MLA, you must "cite" sources that you have paraphrased, quoted or otherwise used to write your research paper.
Cite your sources in two places:
MLA 8th DOESN'T use:
What's new in MLA 8th:
Glossary of Common Terms
Access Date: The date you first look at a source. The access date is added to the end of citations for all websites except library databases.
Citation: Details about one cited source.
Citing: The process of acknowledging the sources of your information and ideas.
DOI or Digital Object Identifier- DOI uses a combination of numbers, letters and symbols to create an unique permanent identify for an article or document and link to it on the Internet. Include the DOI and it will link to that article and only that article.
In-Text Citation: A brief note at the point where information is used from a source to indicate where the information came from. An in-text citation should always match more detailed information that is available in the Works Cited List.
Paraphrasing: Taking information that you have read and putting it into your own words.
Plagiarism: Taking, using, and passing off as your own, the ideas or words of another.
Quoting: The copying of words of text originally published elsewhere. Direct quotations generally appear in quotation marks and end with a citation.
Works Cited List: Contains details on ALL the sources cited in a text or essay, and supports your research and/or premise.
There are times you can skip the citation:
There are four situations when you do NOT need to cite:
For more information see: Citing Sources: When You Don't Need to Cite
This citation guide is based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (8th ed.). The contents are accurate to the best of our knowledge.
Examples should be viewed as modifications to the official MLA guidelines.
This guide is used/adapted with the permission of Seneca College Libraries. For information please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Note: When copying this guide, please retain this box.
Why Do We Cite?