URLs: use them because there are so many persistant links (DOIS, permalinks)
If something is missing leave it out of the citation (don't need n.d. for not date)
Spell out roles such as editor
editor (instead of ed.)
"et al." (with 3 or more authors give first author's name and follow with "et al." for the rest)
MLA 8th uses the term "Containers"
Punctuation: You only need commas and periods now. Periods at the ends of containers or "chunks" of information and commas to divide within the container.
Glossary of Common Terms
Access Date: The date you first look at a source. The access date is added to the end of citations for all websites except library databases.
Citation: Details about one cited source.
Citing: The process of acknowledging the sources of your information and ideas.
DOI or Digital Object Identifier- DOI uses a combination of numbers, letters and symbols to create an unique permanent identify for an article or document and link to it on the Internet. Include the DOI and it will link to that article and only that article.
In-Text Citation: A brief note at the point where information is used from a source to indicate where the information came from. An in-text citation should always match more detailed information that is available in the Works Cited List.
Paraphrasing: Taking information that you have read and putting it into your own words.
Plagiarism: Taking, using, and passing off as your own, the ideas or words of another.
Quoting: The copying of words of text originally published elsewhere. Direct quotations generally appear in quotation marks and end with a citation.
Works Cited List: Contains details on ALL the sources cited in a text or essay, and supports your research and/or premise.
When can you skip the citation?
There are times you can skip the citation:
There are four situationswhen you do NOT need to cite:
Your personal ideas or findings
"In our experiment we found..."
Conclusions(based on things you have already cited)
Includes summaries of your arguments
Information that most people know
George Washington was the first president
Winter starts in December in the northern hemishpere
Sayings and proverbs
Information that a group knows (if that is your audience)